Solar Farms and Seeing the Forest for the Trees

The idea of using clean power is widely accepted. Solar farms are an increasingly popular solution to help combat climate change. Compared to other power generation methods they make good neighbors – emitting no emissions or noise. They can be unobtrusive and very flexible in their install sites. This all makes them a more attractive option to communities than just about any other power generation option.

Massachusetts gets most of its energy from natural gas, which means energy prices here are tied to the volatile price of petroleum. Residents here pay a higher percentage of their income for energy than most other states. Solar farms are cost effective because they enjoy greater economies of scale than roof-mounted arrays on buildings.

In terms of siting, most people can agree that putting solar panels on a capped landfill or a parking lot is a no brainer – and there are even state programs in place in Massachusetts to encourage that. Many arrays have already been built on such sites. Landfills host solar farms in Chicopee, Hudson, Amesbury and there’s an array going up on the decommissioned Mt. Tom Coal Plant in Holyoke, to name just a few projects.  There aren’t many of these so-called brownfield sites left, but we still have a long way to go on Massachusetts’ greenhouse gas reduction targets, so it’s important to evaluate sites that involve tree clearing for solar farm installations.

Massachusetts is both densely populated and heavily forested. It’s the fourth most densely populated state in the US, and has 62% forest cover. According to the Boston Globe, “…nearly 50,000 acres of forest — at a pace of 13 acres a day — between 2005 and 2013…” was used for new housing developments. Any trees cleared for solar projects would not be on conservation land. Solar farms would be hosted on private land designated for agricultural or commercial purposes. If it’s not used for solar, it will probably be used for something else.

The good news is all solar farms, even those that involve cutting down trees, help fight climate change. In fact, solar farms are a more powerful way to fight climate change than trees are. If you compare carbon offset per acre, solar wins out. One acre of solar in Massachusetts offsets about 134 tons of CO2 per year per acre, nearly ten times as much as temperate forest lands, which removes 15 tons of CO2 per year per acre.

In addition to climate change, we need to consider the impact land use has on the people living there. Forests provide recreational space for residents, maintain healthy ecosystems and habitat for wildlife, filter air and water, protect against land erosion, and provide a buffer against floods.  For those of us that want to protect forests, it’s important to look at the big picture – we’ve already seen changes in our temperate forests due to climate change. This will only get worse in the future – we can expect changes in weather patterns that native species will have trouble adjusting to. If sacrificing a few acres of trees will help preserve all of our forests, it seems like a worthwhile trade.

Then there’s the fact that we can recover the land used for solar arrays after their useful life has ended. The panels can be replaced or arrays removed and forests allowed to return.  Massachusetts has not always been as heavily forested as it is now – historically the state has had heavy industrial use. Most of the state’s forests are only 80 years old. In the 1800s, Massachusetts had used most of its timber and was down to only 28% forest coverage. We’ve bounced back since then, regenerating the state’s forest.  Finally, if we only built solar farms in wooded areas, just 6,000 acres of solar out of the state’s 3 million acres of trees – that’s only 0.2% – could supply all of Massachusetts’ power needs.

We’re in a position where we need drastic changes and actionable solutions now if we want to avoid serious climate change.  Community solar farms boost the local economy, reduce pollution, help regulate energy prices and bring cost savings to residents. Most sites for community solar are not on forested land, and proposed arrays would only require a small amount of acreage. That land would offset more carbon with a solar farm than it can now and it’s better put to use for solar than for other development. Maybe most importantly, moving to clean energy will help preserve our forests in the long term.  


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Solar Farms one of Top 10 Ways to Combat Climate Change

In light of the report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change earlier this week, which gives us until 2030 to cut carbon emissions to half of their 2010 level and until 2050 to be “net zero” or on balance removing as much carbon as is emitted, it’s clear we need to act quickly.

With such a tight deadline and so much at stake, it can be tempting to give up. But now is the time to double down, we still have time to take action and more and more resources to do it with. Even though at the national level the US has pulled back from efforts to address climate change, there’s a lot that can still be done and there have been some positive developments already.

Combating climate change in a timely way requires creative and accessible applications of the technology we have. According one recent article, “Solar photovoltaics are only two percent of the global electricity mix at present.” This number will have to go up to hit the 2030 deadline. Unfortunately, solar can have a lot of barriers to entry, including high installation costs and difficulty finding suitable candidates who also have the right site for an install. Community solar farms are a solution to this, and made this list of top 10 solutions to climate change. Solar farms are installed at utility scale, and offer benefits including clean energy and cost savings to the communities they’re in. They are a good solution because they have lower installation costs than fossil fuel plants or smaller scale solar installations. They also offer better efficiency, more flexible installs, and they’re accessible to more energy users than a traditional on-site installation.

Solar farms are a great solution, and they come with cost savings in addition to reduced greenhouse gas emissions. So what’s holding us back? What stands in the way are mostly outdated laws regulating the electricity grid. Most of these laws are at the state level, where residents have the ability to influence policy makers with grassroots action and their votes. Another obstacle is increasing awareness and adoption of these types of projects. Several states, including Massachusetts, have laws and programs in place that support community solar installations. Massachusetts’ program is well established, and recent legislation is adding capacity in the state. Check below to see if there are any farms available where you live.

As the second biggest contributor to carbon emissions and one of the highest per capita polluters, action in the US is vital. 28% of our country’s emissions comes from energy production, and 68% of our energy comes from fossil fuels. Clean power generation has been increasing recently, and some of the states that have the most capacity installed are conservative, such as Texas and Alabama. We have the technology and the opportunity in the US to go from leading the world in carbon emissions to leading it in clean energy production and innovation.


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Ready to go Community Solar?

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Customer Success Stories

Eric signed up for a community solar consultation today because he, like Margaret Meade, believes “that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world.” According to Eric, “Community solar is a ‘no brainer’ because it saves you money on your electricity and helps the planet by using clean renewable solar energy!”


Solar Power from Landfills and Old Coal Plants


Community solar developments have many benefits, but one that is often overlooked is the fact they provide a use for otherwise polluted or unusable spaces. Solar panel installations can be much more flexible and unobtrusive than other types of power generating plants, and existing pollution where they’re built isn’t an issue. This means that they can go on old landfills, highway medians, parking garages, and even decommissioned coal plants, to name a few of the sites that are now powering thousands of households around Massachusetts.

There are many installations already in place on landfills. For example, there’s an 18 acre landfill in Berkley, MA which is now home to an array of more than 11,200 solar panels. Chicopee, MA has 8,000 panels on 6 acres of landfill. There’s a farm on a landfill in Hudson, MA with capacity to power about 1,000 homes, and another in Amesbury with 4.5 megawatts installed. Once a landfill is full, it doesn’t have to be a waste of acreage – instead it can host clean energy to power the towns near it.

While covered landfills are a great choice for an install site, they’re not the only option. The coal plant on Mount Tom in Holyoke was decommissioned four years ago, and is now the site of 17,000 panels plus battery storage. They’re hoping to have the batteries charged by mid-October, which is a huge step forward for clean energy since one of the greatest challenges to date has been storing what’s produced and then distributing that at the times it’s most needed.

Although it’s logical to repurpose hard to use spaces like this, especially with the price of land in Massachusetts, companies are further incentivized to do so with the state’s new solar program. This week, the MA Department of Public Utilities (DPU) issued an order to move forward with compensating new solar projects under the Solar Massachusetts Renewable Target (SMART) program. The SMART program incentivizes projects that make use of “rooftops, parking lots, and landfills…” as well as those that combine storage with a solar installation, which is a first.

Massachusetts’ clean energy transition is happening on sites that were previously putting out pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. It’s a win on all sides – siting solar arrays this way saves valuable land. It also turns what would have been an eyesore or a waste of land into something that benefits the residents near it with savings and clean energy, provides a revenue stream to that area, and improves the local environment by offsetting the pollution that comes from fossil fuel power production.

Community Solar Farm

Community Solar Can Supplement Rooftop

Rooftop solar has been booming in recent years, but by itself it’s not enough. Even homes with good exposure can’t always produce 100% of the occupant’s usage. According to a recent article from the NRDC, community solar developments could be the solution.

Community Solar is a way for multiple households to access clean energy. Programs differ, but basically each household gets a share of the field and receives credit for that share’s production on their electric bill. The fields are accessible to more residential electric users than rooftop installations, which face obstacles such as roof exposure, upfront costs, structural issues, and shade. The article reported that solar fields are a way to get low cost and accessible renewable energy. “In the study, commissioned by the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) and the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA), analysts from the Brattle Group found that community solar could be a more cost-effective and powerful carbon-cutting tool than individual rooftop installations.”

The panels in a solar farm can also be placed for optimal production and generate more efficiently than rooftop installations can. “The study compared 200 hypothetical zero net energy (ZNE) homes in both Minnesota and New Mexico and determined that the cost of installing community solar to power ZNE homes was 30 to 35 percent less than individual rooftop installations… The savings from community solar are due in part to economies of scale, as well the technological advantages of a large, offsite array. Large solar arrays can be adjusted to catch more light throughout the day as the sun moves across the sky, and be oriented in an optimal direction, and thus generate more electricity than rooftop panels. And by offering an offsite location, community solar enables more people to use solar energy, even if they don’t have enough space on the roof or if their rooftop is shady.”

As more states and local communities push for “net zero” goals, with California pledging to go 100% renewable and zero carbon by 2045, community solar has an important role to play. Here in Massachusetts, where we have older buildings and lots of trees, many homes only get part of their bills covered by rooftop, or don’t qualify at all. Click below to find out what programs are available to you.


Community Solar Makes Solar Available to All



“Solar should be able to benefit everyone!”

Hancock Community Solar

Community Solar Farm in Hancock, MA

Until now, solar was mostly available to affluent homeowners with a perfectly situated roof, or to large companies. Luckily, that’s starting to change. According to a recent Greentech Media article by Emma Foehringer Merchant, “How to Build Community Solar Projects for the Masses,” community solar is positioned to make clean energy affordable and accessible to previously underserved communities.

“A new report from GTM Research, Wood Mackenzie and Vote Solar, a solar accessibility advocate, notes that 50 to 75 percent of U.S. consumers don’t have access to conventional rooftop installations. But if it is executed properly, community solar can change that… ‘Solar should be able to benefit everyone,’ said MJ Shiao, head of Americas research at GTM Research. ‘But it’s difficult to apply onsite solar to folks who rent, or to low-income communities….’ ”

It’s often difficult or impossible to put solar up on rental units or condos, which bars a lot of customers from the market. Especially in urban areas, where living space comes at a premium and a lot of people rent, this is a serious obstacle for meeting the demand for clean energy. In addition to the environmental benefits of solar projects, there are also some real financial benefit. The savings from solar projects have not been accessible to the populations who arguably could benefit the most from them.

Community solar could go beyond just making solar more accessible; it could be developed to help specific populations: “GTM Research notes in its report that ‘community solar can be used as a tool to target benefits to communities historically have been at the front lines of environmental pollution and negative impacts from traditional energy generation.’”

Analysts recommend job training programs, siting preferences and community-focused incentives to provide benefits to populations that have been sidelined by the electricity system. Baking environmental justice initiatives into community solar development can also have positive impacts on public health.”

It’s a win on all sides – generate jobs in places that need them, offer the financial benefits of solar to new and underserved populations, improve the quality of the environment by replacing polluting power plants, and give more people the ability to choose clean power.

More solar farms are going up across Massachusetts – find out here if there is a community solar project that serves your area!


Community Solar Makes Solar Available to All



July customer success stories

Pat and Chris are looking forward to knocking more dirty energy off the electric grid with #communitysolar from Relay Power #solarisworking #solarenergy #solargarden #actonclimate


Delores is installing #rooftopsolar without increasing any costs and decreasing her energy bill by 30% #solarisworking #newbedford


Using Relay Power innovative approach to #cleanenergy Matthew found that #rooftopsolar & #communitysolar was the best approach to his all electric home. #solarisworking #solarenergy #solargarden


Having #rooftopsolar on the front of her historic home was not ideal for Shannon and her family so with Relay Power they are going solar with #communitysolar and a local #solargarden in #plymouthmass #solarisworking


After being in the Army for years and traveling across the country, Frank is aware that we don’t always take care of our land the way we should. That is why he is subscribing to #communitysolar with Relay Power and using #cleanenergy for his home. #solarisworking #localenergy #solarenergy


Kathryn and Shap want clean energy and are no fans of fracking. Their roof isn’t great for rooftop so #communitysolar through the Plymouth #solargarden with Relay Power still allows them to #gosolar and save on electricity. #solarisworking #solarenergy


Saturday morning coffee and #communitysolar for Julie & Bill. #cleanenergy #solarisworking #localenergy #localjobs #solarenergy


Dr. Dossot is already an efficient electric user but wants his energy coming from a local #solargarden in #plymouth. #solarisworking #harvestthesunshine #solar #solarenergy


Just two @universityofri alums that enjoy #cleanenergy #communitysolar #solargarden #solarisworking #harvestthesunshine

More customer success stories

I had no idea I could go solar without installing anything at my house and save money. -Elizabeth, Plymouth, MA #communitysolar #solarisworking #solarenergy


Drew is napping in preparation for his 1st birthday on Saturday but his Dad, Tim is excited about the impact he is having on the local economy and money he is saving with #communitysolar with @altuspower and @relaypower #solarisworking #solargarden #cleanenergy #solarenergy


Paul likes to #buylocal and now his energy is local with #communitysolar from @AltusPower & @relay_power #solarisworking


Using clean energy from here in Plymouth and saving on energy bills? Absolutely! Say hello to Michael and Christine. #communitysolar #solarisworking #cleanenergy #solar #cleanenergyjobs #cleanenergyeconomy


Pat had as much energy if not more than her black lab and boxer pup! Sweet lady, and happy to be on board! Relay Power #solarfarm #PlymouthMassachusetts #SolarIsWorking @relay_power


Deb & Ed wanted to go solar but didn’t want to worry about maintenance. They are doing that with a local solar solar garden with @relaypower #communitysolar #harvestthesunshine #solarisworking #cleanenergy #solargarden #solarenergy


See all our customer success stories.

Community Solar comes to the Berkshires

There was another recent good article about the benefits of community solar in Franklin County’s daily newspaper, The Recorder, in Greenfield, Massachusetts, one of the oldest newspapers in the country. It states, “Instead of growing food crops, it’s growing energy – solar energy. Just as community-sustained agriculture is gaining prominence, this solar farm is supporting and is supported by the local community. The state of Massachusetts has a program to make sure that local residents benefit from this new sort of agriculture, called Community Solar.”

It goes on to point out that this opportunity is limited, “Perhaps the biggest restriction is that this program and this Community Solar Farm have limited availability. The end of this program has been announced. There is likely to be a follow-on program, but it’s designed to have smaller incentives as these Community Solar Farms become more prevalent. So, once this one’s full, it’s not clear when the next Community Solar Farm might be built and whether the financial incentive will be this good. Customers who get in now stand to benefit for the life of the solar farm. Customers are placed on a first-come, first-served basis.

To learn all the details about this special program click here and you can schedule a no-obligation discussion…”

April customer success stories

As a renter with electric heat Jacoby was excited for #communitysolar to save money & use clean local energy #solarisworking @relay_power


Barbara & Danny are going solar without removing trees around their home that they love #communitysolar #solarisworking @relay_power


Jon is using local clean energy and saving money electricity every month #communitysolar #solarisworking @relay_power


George can’t do rooftop solar but he is saving with #communitysolar through @relaypower #solarisworking


This is a great idea. I don’t know why anyone wouldn’t do this. -Stan & Rosemary #solarisworking #communitysolar @relay_power


Living in a pine forest and possibly moving to CA in a few years makes #communitysolar from @relaypower a good fit for John #solarisworking


Living in the shade of a forest is not keeping Susan from going solar. She’s working with Relay Power to use community solar.


Living in Berkshires & working in public health, Barbara values #cleanair & #communitysolar is easy no brainer @relay_power #solarisworking