Emission Reduction Program Grew State Economies
Some often assert that environmental regulations hurt the economy. A new study shows another case where the opposite was true. The numbers are in for the nine states that have been participating in the RGGI, or Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative. After ten years of the program, the Acadia Center released a report that reveals Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Rhode Island, and Vermont have seen significant both environmental and economic improvements. This is a signal that regional efforts among states and cities can be powerful drivers of change, and it also disproves the old line that “going green” would be too expensive and harm the economy.
Reduced Carbon Emissions
- RGGI states have reduced their CO2 emissions from 133 million tons of CO2 in 2008 when the program began to 70 million tons in 2018.
- Power Plants in RGGI states reduced CO2 emissions by 47%, which beat out the rest of the country by 90%.
Electricity Prices Fell
- Not only did carbon emissions fall, so did these states’ electricity prices.
- Electricity rates in RGGI states came down by 5.7%, while the rest of the country’s rates increased by 8.6%.
The Economy Benefited
- The GDPs of these states actually grew by 47%, 30% more growth than the rest of the country.
- Reducing air pollution from burning fossil fuels generated “…over $5.7 billion in health and productivity benefits.”
A decade of data from nine states provides solid environmental, health, and economic reasons to shift to a greener economy. They’ve also done the heavy lifting of designing and troubleshooting policy and programs that work, which the rest of the country should be able to copy and tweak.
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